Check your EC2 security groups for inbound rules that allow unrestricted access (i.e. 0.0.0.0/0 or ::/0) to TCP port 1433 and restrict access to only those IP addresses that require it in order to implement the principle of least privilege and reduce the possibility of a breach. TCP port 1433 is used by the Microsoft SQL Server which is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft.
Allowing unrestricted MSSQL access can increase opportunities for malicious activity such as hacking, denial-of-service (DoS) attacks and loss of data.
To determine if your EC2 security groups allow unrestricted MSSQL access, perform the following:
To update your security groups inbound/ingress configuration in order to restrict MSSQL access to specific entities (IP addresses, IP ranges, etc), perform the following: